On April 12, 2021 U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) announced that F-1 students seeking optional practical training (OPT) can now file Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization, online if they are filing under one of these categories:

  • (c)(3)(A) – Pre-Completion OPT;
  • (c)(3)(B) – Post-Completion OPT; and
  • (c)(3)(C) – 24-Month Extension of OPT for science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) students.

OPT is temporary employment that is directly related to an F-1 student’s major area of study.


Eligible students can apply to receive up to 12 months of OPT employment authorization before completing their academic studies (pre-completion) and/or after completing their academic studies (post-completion). 


Eligible F-1 students who receive STEM degrees may apply for a 24-month extension of their post-completion OPT if they have an offer of employment with an employer that is registered with E-Verify.


Online filing allows applicants to submit forms electronically, check the status of their case electronically, and receive notices from USCIS online instead of waiting for them in the mail. 


For now, the option to file Form I-765 online is only available to F-1 students filing Form I-765 for OPT and is not available for any other category of Employment Authorization Document (EAD). 


USCIS continues to transition to paperless operations and will work to expand online filing for Form I-765 to additional categories.


USCIS continues to accept hard copy filings by mail using the latest version of the I-765 form.